The Maneater Stylebook

A part of reporter info pages


The Maneater stylebook was first printed in February 1998, revised by Editor-in-Chief Jennifer Dlouhy and Managing Editor Kelly Wiese.

For this, the 17th edition, revisions were made by Copy Chief George Roberson, Managing Editor Katherine Knott and Editor-in-Chief Elizabeth Loutfi.


The first portion of the guide is dedicated to general policies and administrative guidelines for The Maneater.

The second portion is dedicated to entries much like one would find in the AP Stylebook. These are guidelines for copy-editing decisions at The Maneater and MOVE Magazine. Editors, writers, designers, photographers and multimedia staff should be familiar with these.

The third section is geared to accommodate the specific styles of crime, MOVE and sports copy.

This is followed by the National Lesbian and Gay Journalists Association supplement of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender terminology. The LGBT Supplement has also been updated to mirror the LGBTQ Resource Center's Definitions and Terminology sheet.

The final section is a supplement of social media policy, conventions and guidelines.


This stylebook should be the first source for determining style for any nonadvertising copy for The Maneater and MOVE Magazine. The AP Stylebook should be consulted next, followed by “Working With Words” and the AP-authorized dictionary, Webster’s New World College Dictionary.

In cases in which a style question is not answered by any of these resources, the editor-in-chief will make a style decision that will be entered into the master copy of this stylebook.

FIRST EDITION Winter 1998 by Editor-in-Chief Jennifer Dlouhy and Managing Editor Kelly Wiese

SECOND EDITION Summer Session 1998 by Editor-in-Chief John Roby

THIRD EDITION Fall 1999 by Managing Editor Julie Bykowitz

FOURTH EDITION Winter 2001 by Managing Editor Chris Heisel and Copy Chief Kristen Cox.

FIFTH EDITION Summer 2002 by Managing Editor Stephanie Grasmick

SIXTH EDITION Summer 2004 by Copy Chief Amy Rainey

SEVENTH EDITION Winter 2006 by Copy Chiefs Aaron Richter and Sarah Larimer, Managing Editor Coulter Jones and Editor-in-Chief Jenna Youngs

EIGHTH EDITION Fall 2006 by Copy Chiefs Jenn Amur and Courtney French, Managing Editor Maggie Creamer and Editor-in-Chief Lee Logan

NINTH EDITION Fall 2007 by Copy Chiefs Jamie Scott and Erin Boeck, Projects Editor Jedd Rosche, Managing Editor Rae Nudson and Editor-in-Chief Steve Oslica

10TH EDITION Fall 2008 by Editor-in-Chief Elliot Njus, Managing Editor Michael Sewall, Copy Chiefs Lee Logan and James Patrick Schmidt, MOVE Copy Chief Abby Holekamp, Student Organizations Editor Anna Koeppel and Projects Editor Roseann Moring

11TH EDITION Fall 2009 by Editor-in-Chief Josh Barone, Managing Editor Mary Daly and Copy Chief Laura Swan

12TH EDITION Fall 2010 by Copy Chiefs Katie Moritz and Katie Prince, Editor-in-Chief Zach Toombs and Managing Editor Lyndsie Manusos

13TH EDITION Fall 2011 by Editor-in-Chief Travis Cornejo, Managing Editor Katie Moritz and Copy Chiefs Nate Atkins and Abby Spudich

14TH EDITION Fall 2012 by Copy Chiefs Tony Puricelli and Katie Yaeger

15TH EDITION Winter 2013 by Copy Chiefs Claire Boston and Tracy Cook and Editor-in-Chief Ted Noelker

16TH EDITION Fall 2014 by Copy Chief Scott MacDonald and Editor-in-Chief Katie Pohlman

17TH EDITION Summer 2015 by Copy Chief George Roberson, Managing Editor Katherine Knott and Editor-in-Chief Elizabeth Loutfi

General Entries


























abortion Do not use pro-choice or pro-life because there is no “anti-choice” or “pro-death.” Instead, use abortion opponent or abortion-rights advocate. One is either for or against the rights to an abortion. The appropriate adjectives are anti-abortion-rights and pro-abortion-rights. Acceptable usage includes reproductive rights, which are not the synonymous with “abortion rights” and include other forms of birth control.

abbreviations Use sparingly.

  1. In addresses, street, avenue and boulevard are abbreviated only when a street number is given: Bob lives at 123 Maple St., but Amy lives on Pine Street.
  2. In general, abbreviations of one or two letters take periods: 600 B.C., U.N., a.m., p.m. Exceptions to this rule include: AM, FM, 35mm camera, AP Stylebook, IQ, TV.
  3. Abbreviations of three or more letters do not take periods unless they would otherwise spell out an unrelated word: FBI, YMCA, c.o.d.
  4. Don’t use acronyms unless they’re obvious from the first reference. If an acronym is easily discernible from the name of the organization, refer to the organization without any additional acronym or other information in parentheses. The Residence Halls Association is responsible for dividing funds between the 18 residence halls on campus. Every year, RHA is responsible …
  5. Avoid alphabet soup. Use terms like the group, the organization or the association whenever possible.
  6. As of May 1, 2014, stat abbreviations are no longer used in the body text. Write out the state name after the city: Columbus, Ohio; Buffalo, New York. The instances where abbreviations are still appropriate are after politicians' party affiliations (Claire McCaskill, D-Mo.) and in lists.

academic degrees Always use degree after the appropriate designation: She received a bachelor’s degree in history; He earned a master's degree from MU. Use doctoral degree, not “doctorate.” Do not use an abbreviated term such as B.J., B.S., M.A. or Ph.D. unless it is part of a series of names in which spelling out the full titles would be cumbersome. Otherwise, use bachelor’s degree or master’s degree as general terms.

Academic Exploration and Advising Services Academic advisers who work in the Student Success Center. Do not use except in quotes.

accents Use accent marks in proper nouns, never in words like "resume" or "cliche."

acronyms Spell out the full name of the group whenever possible on first reference. Common groups such as MSA and ASUM may be abbreviated in headlines and leads for conciseness, but they must be fully spelled out on first reference. Never follow a group’s full name with its abbreviation set off by dashes or parentheses. If the acronym needs such explanation, it should not be used. Avoid acronyms that would be unfamiliar to readers. Right: The Missouri Students Association will give them $10. MSA will … Wrong: The Missouri Students Association (MSA) will … Exceptions: In direct quotes, do not spell out an acronym if the speaker did not say it. Certain group names, such as STRIPES, should never be spelled out.

Activity and Recreation Center The city’s recreation center, located at the corner of Ash Street and Clinkscales Road. ARC is acceptable on second reference.

Ad Sheet The yellow weekly coupon/advertisement magazine distributed on campus and throughout the city.

addresses Identify places by their addresses, with the following exceptions:

  1. In obituaries, only use the city to identify the deceased. Thieves often read obituaries to find out which houses will be left unguarded and when.
  2. Use a building’s address only if it adds something to the story. Addresses should be used if the story discusses an upcoming event being held there, construction being done there or a place of business. An address can also be used if the story concerns the particular location of the building.
  3. The address of a home where a crime was committed should not be included. Only an approximate area should be written: A residence near the intersection of Ninth Street and Fourth Avenue; a residence on the 400 block of Ninth Street.

Abbreviate street (St.), avenue (Ave.) and boulevard (Blvd.) in complete addresses.

African American (n.), African-American (adj.) Use black as an adjective as opposed to “African-American,” but do not alter quotes if sources use African-American (adj.) or African American (n.). See black.


alumna, alumnae, alumnus, alumni MU graduate is preferred. Never use “alum.” 1. alumna: one graduate who is a woman; 2. alumnae: several graduates who are women (all must be women); 3. alumnus: one graduate who is a man; 4. alumni: several graduates who are men or a group of graduates containing men and women.

Alumni Association Host of Homecoming and sponsor of Mizzou ’39, among many other things. Always capitalize. Only “Mizzou Alumni Association” if the story references more than one alumni association. Never “MAA” or “AA.” On second reference, the association is acceptable. The Alumni Association Student Board should be condensed to AASB on second reference and in headlines.

alumni center There are two alumni centers in Columbia. The one across from Jesse Hall is properly called the Donald W. Reynolds Visitor and Alumni Center, but use Reynolds Alumni Center on first reference. On second reference, alumni center is suitable. The alumni center is named after a graduate of the MU School of Journalism and founder of the Donrey Media Group. See Reynolds Alumni Center. The other center, located on Carrie Francke Drive off Stadium Boulevard, is the Old Alumni Center.

a.m. Always use lowercase form. Use a space to separate the numerals from a.m. Avoid redundancies such as 7 a.m. Tuesday morning. Use midnight instead of “12 a.m.”

anonymity See the policy section on the use of anonymous sources in all cases. An anonymous source must be identified as such in the following way: (a source), who asked to remain anonymous, … “(A source)” can be replaced with a suitable title: A member of Delta Tau Delta, who asked that his name be withheld, … For clarity’s sake, an anonymous source or person used repeatedly throughout an article (particularly a feature) may be identified using a pseudonym. Again, check with the editors first.

apostrophes When used with abbreviated years or decades, ensure the tail of the apostrophe is pointed to the left, the side on which characters were removed: Mizzou ’39, the Roaring ’20s.

Arts and Science Building Use the uppercase form of “Building” because it is part of the formal title. Note the plural "Arts" and singular “Science.”

Asian American (n.), Asian-American (adj.) Generally, use “Asian” as a modifier. Be specific. If someone is Korean, Chinese, Japanese, etc., specify that in the story.

Aspen Heights Luxury student housing complex located on Aspen Heights Parkway. Built on the former site of Regency Mobile Home Park, Aspen Heights purchased the site and asked the city to rezone its land for high-end residential development. Labor disputes partially delayed its construction, leaving more than a 100 students trapped in leases without a home when the complex opened in fall 2013. The complex remains infamous for crimes taking place there regularly.

Associated Students of the University of Missouri Student lobbying group. ASUM is acceptable on second reference or in a headline. The Columbia, Rolla and Kansas City campuses have ASUM chapters. St. Louis was previously not a member but has since joined. Unless a student working with ASUM is the legislative director or assistant director, he or she is a lobbyist, not a legislative assistant. In winter 2013, MSA adopted MU’s representative onto its executive cabinet.

attribution The order of attribution is “[Quote],” [title] [person] said: “They’re great,” spokesman Truman Tiger said. For titles of more than five words, use this order: “[Quote],” said [person], [title]. See titles.

  1. Always use the past-tense said with quotes or paraphrases — never “giggled,” “laughed,” “moaned” or “sighed.” Said by itself assumes a spoken (in person or over the phone) interview. A reporter should always strive for a face-to-face interview. However, if alternative means are needed to conduct an interview, every attribution of that interview must be identified as such.
  2. Use said in an email for all information quoted in emails.
  3. When quoting from a printed source, use according to. The words following according to should always be as specific as possible. Vague terms such as “a document” make the reader suspicious. Instead, say something like “a government document detailing FBI protocol.” Letters, memos and the like can “state” information. In the rare case of lifting a quote from a news release, the attribution should be like this: "I really do try my best not to use quotes from news releases,” reporter Tim Smith stated in a news release.
  4. Use according to [organization]’s Facebook page or said in a tweet when using social networking websites as a source. Facebook, Twitter and other social networking websites should not be used as sources when the reporter can avoid it.
  5. If a vital source cannot be reached for comment, simply say that: Joe Smith could not be reached for comment. In some pieces, we want to emphasize we tried desperately to get “the other side of the story” or hear from a vital source. In those very rare cases, it may be appropriate to write: Joe Smith did not return several phone calls regarding …
  6. If a source was reached but chose not to comment, say Joe Smith declined to comment. Yes, the preposition is important.

auditoriums Can be used as locations. Capitalize names of auditoriums: the speech in Allen Auditorium. Jesse Auditorium is located in Jesse Hall. Jesse Wrench Auditorium is located in Memorial Union. To avoid confusion, specify that Wrench Auditorium is in Memorial Union when appropriate. Using Wrench Auditorium on first reference can help to further avoid any confusion.


Battle High School Formally called Muriel Williams Battle High School, but Battle High School is acceptable on first reference. The school opened in 2013 as part of Columbia Public Schools. Its mascot is a Spartan.

black Use black as an adjective as opposed to “African-American,” but do not alter quotes if sources use African-American (adj.) or African American (n.). Never use the collective noun “blacks”: The black community rallied behind MSA presidential candidate Corby Jones. In opinion pieces, “Black" is acceptable to capitalize as an adjective.

Black Culture Center See Gaines/Oldham Black Culture Center.

black studies program Not “African-American studies program.”

Blackboard The website on which MU students can check grades, submit assignments, email classmates and obtain additional course information. Students log in with their PawPrints.

Blue Book Familiar term for the Official Manual of the State of Missouri, which has appeared in green and mauve hardbound editions in addition to the familiar blue one. Also available online at Not to be confused with blue books, which students use on essay exams.

blue lights A common name for the emergency phones found on campus. Use blue light emergency phone on first reference. Blue lights or emergency phones are acceptable on second reference. Blue lights is acceptable in headlines.

Board of Elections Commissioners The appointed board in charge of MSA elections. BEC is acceptable on second reference and in headlines. It is led by the BEC chairwoman, along with her vice chairmen. Per its bylaws, the BEC is independent of MSA and its representatives may not hold simultaneous offices, though this rule has been repeatedly broken. The board creates the BEC Handbook before each election cycle.

boards When referring to a board, use the pronoun “it” and not “they.” Board of Curators is capitalized; board of directors is not.

Boone County Circuit Court Also Circuit Court, the court. Boone and Callaway counties make up the 13th Judicial Circuit. The Circuit Court has three judicial classifications: circuit judges, associate circuit judges and municipal judges. The first two hear all civil, criminal, juvenile and probate cases. Municipal judges hear cases involving city ordinances.

Boone County Commission Also County Commission, the commission. This is the legislative and executive body for Boone County. The southern district is District I and the northern is District II, but always use directional designations in publication. Columbia is in the northern district. The presiding commissioner holds a four-year term, and the other two serve for two years each. Capitalize commissioner when used as a title before someone’s name: Commissioner Keith Schnarre: the commissioner.

Boone County Courthouse Note the difference from County-City Building and Daniel Boone City Building. Located at 705 E. Walnut St., the building has columns in front of it.

Boone County Fairground Not “fairgrounds” because there’s only one. Located just north of Columbia on U.S. 63.

Boone County towns Do not need "Missouri" specified. Incorporated cities and towns in Boone County: Ashland, Centralia, Columbia, Hallsville, Harrisburg, Hartsburg, McBaine, Rocheport and Sturgeon. Unincorporated areas in Boone County: Brown’s Station, Claysville, Easley, Englewood, Hinton, Huntsdale, Lupus, Midway, Murry, Pierpoint, Prathersville, Ruggs, Rucker, Wilton and Woodlandville. Correct: Hartsburg. Incorrect: Hartsburg, Missouri.

Boone County Fire Protection District Refer to the county’s volunteer fire services by this term only, not by “fire department.” On second reference, use the district.

Boone County Sheriff’s Department Note the apostrophe. The sheriff’s department is acceptable on subsequent references.

Boone Hospital Center Located at 1600 E. Broadway. The hospital, formerly Boone County Hospital, is governed by a five-member board of trustees. It was leased to Christian Health Services, a private group from St. Louis, for 10 years. Christian Health Services, now Barnes Jewish Christian, is in charge of the hospital’s day-to-day operations while the county retains ownership.

Boonville Not “Booneville.” Located in Cooper County.

Brady and Anne Deaton Institute Officially the Brady and Anne Deaton Institute for University Leadership in International Development, Brady and Anne Deaton Institute is suitable on first reference. The institute thereafter. Directed by the former chancellor and his wife, the institute is based in Ellis Library and focuses on global food security, water safety and environmental sustainability.

Brady Commons Until 2009, Brady Commons was one of the two student unions at MU. The building was torn down in June 2009 and replaced by the MU Student Center in 2011. The building was named after Thomas Allan Brady, a former MU dean.

Brady Deaton Retired as chancellor in November 2013 to direct the Brady and Anne Deaton Institute. Deaton was largely credited for expanding MU’s international reach during his administrative tenure and focuses intently on it as director of the institute he and his wife founded at MU following his retirement as chancellor.

Broadway Always referred to as Broadway. When applicable, use west and east designations: 100 W. Broadway, 1600 E. Broadway.

Brookside Umbrella term for the series of luxury student housing developments in Columbia owned by the Odle family. Unlike other luxury student housing complexes in Columbia, Brookside is owned and operated locally. Bruce Odle and his sons, Jon and Nathan, also operate Trittenbach Development, which owns many commercial properties throughout the city. The Odles are notoriously media shy, especially following the media frenzy and speculation surrounding the fire that occurred during construction at its complex on College Avenue in summer 2012. If referring to a specific location, specify in which complex it is. There are three: Brookside Downtown, located on South Tenth Street; Brookside on College (“Midtown”), located on East Walnut Street; and Brookside Townhomes, located on West Old Plank Road. The Odles also own Bengal Ridge, though this is not a luxury complex and is distanced from the Brookside brand.

Business Loop 70 Always spell out. When referring to direction, use: Business Loop 70 E., Business Loop 70 W. Specific addresses are the same style.

bylines Follow this order: writer’s name, return, writer’s designation.

Writer’s designations: Reporter, Staff Writer (a reporter becomes a staff writer on their 10th byline), Senior Staff Writer (after two semesters as a staff writer), Assistant Editor (including section title where applicable: “Assistant Sports Editor”), University News Editor, Student Organizations Editor, Student Outlook Editor, Projects Editor, Opinion Editor, MOVE Editor, Sports Editor, Managing Editor or Editor-in-Chief. All significant words in designations should be capitalized.

If a reporter writes their ninth and 10th story for the same issue, Staff Writer is used for both bylines for consistency. If the production manager, production assistant, graphics assistant, online development editor, multimedia editor, photo editor or copy chief writes a story, they should be designated with their titles, as well. If the opinion editor writes a news story, they should be credited with the title Associate Editor to clarify the piece is not a column. If someone who is not a current MU student writes a story, Special to The Maneater is the appropriate designation. If two writers worked on a story together to a fairly equal degree, use this order: writers’ names (ordered alphabetically by last name), return, Of The Maneater Staff.

For photo credits, use designations in the same way as for stories.

Avoid bylines of more than two people, but three people is the maximum. If one reporter contributed to a story but not sufficiently enough to call for a double byline, the article should end with: [Writer’s name] contributed to this report. If several reporters contributed to a story, The following staff writers contributed to this article: followed by the names of those reporters, should end the article. When writing the byline for a brief or ticker, place the reporter’s name at the end of the article: make an em dash (shift + option + dash), then put a space, then the writer’s name. Place a comma after the name. Hit enter/return and then list the title in lowercase.


Campus Dining Services The service providing food to MU students and visitors. Residential locations use meal points; retail locations use E.Z. Charge. Residential locations: Baja Grill, Emporium Cafe, Pavillion at Dobbs, Plaza 900, Rollins (and its nightly a la carte companion, Rollins @Night), Sabai, The Mark on 5th Street (and its companion, The Mark @Night), Time Out. Retail locations: Bookmark Cafe, Catalyst Cafe, Do Mundo’s, Infusion, J Cafe, Kate and Emma’s, Mort’s, Pomodoro, Sunshine Sushi, Wheatstone Bistro.

Campus Lodge Student housing complex located on Old Highway 63.

Campus View Apartments Privately-owned student housing located on Campusview Drive. Can be referred to as Campus View on second reference.

capitalization Capitalize organizational titles when the full name is given. Retain capitalization when referring to a specific body if the context makes the name of the nation, state, city, etc. unnecessary: Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Department of Natural Resources, the department. Capitalize official titles before a person’s name but not when the title follows a name and never when the title stands alone: President Barack Obama; the U.S. president, Barack Obama; Barack Obama, president of the United States. Do not capitalize a student’s year in school or position played in a sport, even before that person’s name. Do not capitalize a person’s title if it’s more of a job decision than a title: manager, cook, professor. Never capitalize coach, spokesman or spokeswoman before a name.

Carnahan Quadrangle This grassy area between Conley Avenue and Cornell Hall was named after late Gov. Mel Carnahan in 2003. The area, formerly the South Quadrangle, is now “The Mel Carnahan Quadrangle: Honoring Leadership in Public Service.” Refer to it as the Carnahan Quadrangle or Carnahan Quad. The quad was occupied by student protesters as part of the Concerned Student 1950 movement in November 2015. Traditions Plaza, an amphitheater and outdoor event venue on Conley Avenue, was constructed here in 2014. The area between the Tiger statue and Rollins Street is Tiger Plaza.

Center for Student Involvement Located on the second floor of the MU Student Center. All MSA offices, with the exception of the MSA/GPC Box Office, are located there, as well as the offices of most student organizations. Formerly known as the “GOAL Office.” CSI is acceptable in headlines so long as it’s clear no one is talking about the long-running CBS crime series or any of its spinoffs.

Central Missouri Humane Society On second reference, use the humane society or the society. Appropriately located at 616 Big Bear Blvd.

chair, chairman, chairwoman Use chair only if the position is unfilled or if the person holding the position is gender nonbinary. Never use chairperson. Capitalize only before a name. If the person holds the position of co-chair, use a hyphen and capitalize both first letters: Co-Chairwoman Young Kwon spoke at the event. Use chairs as the plural collective unless the group is made up entirely of men or of women. In those cases, use chairmen and chairwomen, respectively.

chancellor Capitalize only before a name. Until the University of Missouri System was formed in 1963, MU’s chief executive was referred to as “president.” Then, when the UM System’s leader assumed that title, each campus’s leader took the title chancellor.

Recent MU chancellors: Charles Kiesler (November 1992 - July 1996); Richard Wallace (August 1997 - September 2004); Brady Deaton (interim: September - October 2004, October 2004 - November 2013); Steve Owens (interim: November 2013 - February 2014); R. Bowen Loftin (February 2014 - November 2015); Hank Foley (interim: November 2015 - present).

Christmas Never abbreviate Christmas as “Xmas,” even in a headline. Never liken a culture’s holiday celebration to Christmas when referring to it, as in Hanukkah as the “Jewish Christmas” or Kwanzaa as the “African Christmas.” Use winter break or intersession, not “Christmas break.”

City Council On second reference, use the council. Always include "the." Capitalize City Council when referring to a specific council. “Council” used alone is not capitalized. Refer to people on the council as councilmen and councilwomen individually and council members as a collective group. Never use “councilperson.” Six wards are represented by City Council members. The council meets at 7 p.m. every other Monday.

class titles Always include a student's year in school. The online directory should be used to confirm, not determine, a student's year in school. It calculates grade by credit hours. However, most students prefer to be identified by length of time in school. Always lowercase a student’s year in school except at the beginning of a sentence. The Maneater does not identify students or alumni by graduation year. When quoting a student, always use the following format: “I like beer,” senior Alva Nother said. A graduate student is just that, not a “law student” or “med student.” Class titles should always be used for students, even if they have another title in a story, but the two do not necessarily have to be contiguous: "ASUM President Ben Levin, senior, said…"

Clery release Named after the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act. Capitalize “Clery."

cliches Avoid aggressively. Do not use in seriousness.

closeted Do not use the word “closeted" when describing a time in the life of an LGBTQ person or otherwise. Using the word to refer to a potentially embarrassing passion, hobby or belief stigmatizes and trivializes the experiences of LGBTQ people.

Coal Free Mizzou See Mizzou Energy Action Coalition.

colleges Within MU, use College of (Whatever). On second reference, use the college or the (whatever) college. MU colleges: the College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources; the College of Arts and Science (note “science” is singular); the Trulaske College of Business; the College of Education; the College of Engineering; the College of Human Environmental Sciences (note “sciences” is plural); and the College of Veterinary Medicine. Do not confuse with schools within MU.

colon Capitalize the first word after a colon if everything following the colon is a complete sentence. If it is merely a fragment, do not capitalize the first word following the colon. In many cases, a colon will replace an em dash and suffice just as well. Although em dashes may look more emphatic or compelling, they take up more room and are incorrect to join to indecent clauses.

colony The term used to refer to a Greek Life organization in its initial year on campus when it has enough members to be an organization. Prior to meeting this requirement, the group is considered an interest group. For more information, see interest group. The colony must meet requirements set by ORG and its national organization before it can be recognized as a chapter at MU. Upon completion of these requirements, the colony can officially be chartered as a chapter. A colony is not considered a full member of the governing council, meaning it can neither vote at council meetings nor have members hold office in the council. See fraternities and sororities for more information and for a list of current colonies.

Columbian Never use to refer to people from Columbia. Use Columbia residents.

Columbia/Boone County Board of Health On second reference, use the Board of Health or the board. Of the nine members who sit on the board, the Columbia City Council appoints seven and the Boone County Commission appoints two.

Columbia/Boone County Department of Health and Human Services The health department of Columbia/Boone County. Its services prevent epidemics and the spread of disease, protect against environmental hazards, promote healthy behaviors, prevent injuries and illness, assure the quality and accessibility of health services and monitor the health of the population.

Columbia College Formerly “Christian College.” Located at Tenth and Rogers streets.

Columbia Daily Tribune An afternoon paper, its website updates at 2 p.m. Located at 101 N. Fourth St. Note the “Daily.” On second reference, use the Tribune. Do not capitalize “the.”

Columbia Fire Department Fire Department or the department is acceptable on second reference, but Fire Department must be capitalized when used.

Columbia Housing Authority On second reference, use Housing Authority or the authority. It operates and sets rental rates for city housing projects for low-income, elderly and disabled people.

Columbia Human Rights Commission On second reference, use Human Rights Commission or the commission. There are nine members.

Columbia Mall Located at West Worley Street and Stadium Boulevard, the mall opened in 1985 and was renovated in 1997.

Columbia Missourian The laboratory paper for the School of Journalism, owned by the Missouri Press Association. On second reference, use the Missourian. Located in Lee Hills Hall at 221 S. Eighth St. The executive editor is Tom Warhover, and the general manager is Dan Potter. The paper is published five days per week.

Columbia Planning and Zoning Commission On second reference, use the commission. Nine members sit on this panel, which approves and denies zoning requests for land inside the city boundary. P&Z is acceptable in headlines but not in a story. The commission meets at 7 p.m. every other Thursday.

Columbia Police Department On second reference, use Police Department, police (plural) or the department, but Police Department must be capitalized when used. CPD is not ideal. Columbia police refers to the officers, so “police” should be lowercase. Be sure to distinguish between MU and Columbia police when confusion is likely. Use police officer(s) instead of “policeman,” “policewoman,” “policemen” or “policewomen.” See MU Police Department or police for more information.

Columbia Public Library Many meetings are held in the library, located at 100 W. Broadway. Although the building houses the headquarters of the Daniel Boone Regional Library, it should be referred to only as the Columbia Public Library.

Columbia Regional Airport Located about 10 miles south of Columbia on U.S. 63. Use the airport on second reference. American Airlines, its only current commercial tenant, flies to the Dallas/Fort Worth and Chicago O’Hare international airports from Columbia. Dallas/Fort Worth, Chicago or Chicago O’Hare are acceptable for all references. Always use American Airlines, never just "American.” Capitalize “flight" when it appears before a number identifying a specific route: American Airlines Flight 3621, Flight 3624 to Dallas/Fort Worth.

Columbia Regional Hospital Purchased July 23, 1999, by the UM System. Located at 404 Keene St., the hospital used to be privately owned by Tenet.

the Columns Capitalize when referring to the six Ionic columns located on Francis Quadrangle. Note the lowercase “the.” Columbia has designated Eighth Street, which runs from Francis Quadrangle to the Boone County Courthouse with its four Doric columns, Avenue of the Columns.

commas Below is an incomplete list of the ways in which to use commas. For further guidelines, refer to the AP Stylebook.

  1. To separate all but the last two elements in a simple series: KCOU, MUTV and The Maneater are all student media outlets.
  2. To separate two “equal” adjectives between which you could put the word “and” without affecting meaning: There is a tall, skinny man over there. He is wearing a large gray jacket.
  3. To separate two independent clauses linked by a coordinating conjunction such as “but” or “and”: The Maneater released an issue, and students read it. Note that an independent clause and a dependent clause do not need a comma to separate them: Students said Pavilion at Dobbs was good but also quite dirty. Students said Pavilion at Dobbs was good, but they said it was also quite dirty. An exception to this rule can be made if the dependent clause is long or could obscure meaning if there is no comma.
  4. To set off years and state or country names after city names: Mizzou played North Carolina on Dec. 26, 2011, in Shreveport, Louisiana, a neutral site.
  5. After introductory phrases longer than one word: Last month, the robbers struck for the first time. Tomorrow they will appear in court.
  6. Before an attribution: Men in government jobs were paid better than women last year, according to the report. “That’s a problem,” Mayor Louise Jefferson said.
  7. To set off a nonessential phrase or clause: Chairman Bill Vega said the budget would be finalized Monday. (Knowing the chairman’s name is essential.) The Budget Committee chairman, Bill Vega, said the budget would be finalized Monday. (Because there is only one Budget Committee chairman, knowing his name is not essential.) The residents who live in the floodplain are angry. (Knowing the residents live in the floodplain is essential to understanding that they are angry.) The residents, who live in the valley, are angry. (Knowing the residents live in the valley is not essential to understanding that they are angry.)

Exceptions to these rules can be made when an editor believes them to be necessary for clarity or otherwise helpful to the reader.

commencement Always use lowercase form. MU has commencement at the end of the winter and fall semesters. It no longer holds a commencement ceremony in August. If referring to commencement ceremonies at another university, check to see if it uses “graduation” instead.

Committee on Student Organizations, Governments and Activities The proper second reference is the committee, unless the story talks about multiple committees. In that case, or if used in a headline, use SOGA.

committees Capitalize names of standing committees. In government stories, capitalize if it is part of a formal name: Senate Judiciary Committee, House Banking Subcommittee.

community adviser Note the “-er” ending of “adviser.” Community advisers work for the Department of Residential Life and live with students in the residence halls. The abbreviation is CA, and the plural form is CAs. Avoid this abbreviation, and never abbreviate on first reference except in headlines. Do not confuse with peer adviser or leadership adviser.

CoMo Acceptable in MOVE Magazine content, but not in content for The Maneater.

COMO Connect Public city bus system with 11 routes formerly known as Columbia Transit. Note the capitalization of “COMO.” Operates the “Tiger Line” shuttle services to outer regions of campus and parking lots. The primary bus stop on campus is across from the Student Center on Rollins Street.

Concerned Student 1950 Black student movement that formed in fall 2015 with the goal of improving campus' race climate and led to UM System President Tim Wolfe's resignation. There are 11 original members, including Jonathan Butler, who launched an anti-Wolfe hunger strike. Do not use as a hashtag in a story.

congressional districts There are eight in Missouri. Always use numeral form and capitalize “district” when referring to specific districts: the 8th District. U.S. Rep. Vicky Hartzler, R-Mo., represents the 4th District, which includes Boone County.

contractions Avoid excessive use.

Copper Beech Townhomes Note the spelling of “beech.” Located off Old 63 South just north of Grindstone Avenue. Use Copper Beech on second reference.

The Cottages Luxury housing located on East Nifong Boulevard.

counties There are 114 in Missouri in addition to the city of St. Louis, which is a separate entity under state law. Always capitalize county when used with the full name: I live in Boone County, but my permanent residence is in another county.

courtesy titles As a rule, do not use courtesy titles, even when referring to a medical doctor. This is an exception to AP style. In stories where more than one person of the same last name is quoted or referred to, use first and last names, not courtesy titles, to avoid confusion. Exception: In obituaries, use courtesy titles on second and subsequent references to the dead. Exception: In obituaries, use “the Rev.” to denote a reverend: the Rev. Godis Good.

courts See Boone County Circuit Court.

Craft Studio Recreational art facility located in Memorial Union North. Host of “crafternoons.”

Crime Stoppers A private organization that awards money to tipsters.

cutlines Cutlines should be more than one sentence. The first sentence should be written in present tense. The second sentence is usually written in past tense and should add information not in the photo: Junior forward Bob Brown passes the ball during Friday’s game against Nebraska. The Tigers won the game 89-87. Cutlines should add to the picture, not state the obvious. Wrong: President Barack Obama speaks to students at a meeting. Right: President Barack Obama addresses the perils of jaywalking at Friday’s lecture. Obama addressed more than 100 students in Jesse Hall.

Cutlines should be accurate. Cutline proofs are printed with the picture for a reason: Look at the picture and make sure the action is accurately reflected in the cutline. In sports pictures, passes can look like receptions and swings can look like misses. Be careful. Check all names, titles and ages. As in any article, all information should be checked for accuracy. If there is an article running with the picture, pull up the latest version and check to make sure the information matches up. Warning: If there is a discrepancy between the article and the picture, do not assume the reporter is correct. Try to verify the information yourself first, then call both the photographer and the reporter to have them check their notes. Don’t be afraid to call. If you are unsure of a name or fact, call the photographer or the assigning editor. If you want to verify something about a business or person and it is relatively early, call the business or person. If information is wrong, a source would rather be called late than not at all.

Above all, remember that photographs can libel just as easily as articles, if not more so: A picture of Lisa smoking a cigarette with a cutline that reads, “MU junior Lisa Libel smokes a cigarette. Chain smokers have few friends and usually smoke marijuana, a new study suggests,” could be libelous if Lisa only smokes three cigarettes a day. Look closely, be accurate and be fair. Don’t be afraid to raise questions, and always edit cutlines just as carefully as articles.


datelines Only use a dateline if a Maneater reporter files a story from another city. Datelines should contain a city name in all capitals, followed by the state, country or territory where the city is located, followed by an em dash (shift+option+dash): KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia — (Story starts here). Check AP for national cities that do not require a specific state after them, such as: Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas. Although the AP eliminated the use of state abbreviations in body text in 2014, abbreviations are still used in datelines: TUSCALOOSA, Ala.

dates Never abbreviate days of the week. Do not abbreviate a month unless it has a date with it: February 1996; Feb. 14, 1996. The five months spelled with five or fewer letters are never abbreviated. Set off the year with commas in the month-date-year construction: Missouri will play BYU on Nov. 14, 2015, in Kansas City. Never separate a month and a year with a comma: September 1955. Always use the time-date-place sequence: The Tigers will have their first public practice at 4 p.m. Sep. 1, 2015, at Hearnes Center. Use “on” only to avoid confusion between proper nouns: The Tigers play Monday. The Tigers play the Jayhawks on Monday. To indicate a range of dates, use to or through between the dates, never a hyphen. Fourth of July is written out.

dean A dean oversees a specific college or school at MU and is in charge of the faculty for that college or school. They report to the provost.

dean’s list Note the lowercase “dean’s.” Each college has its own dean's list (as each college has its own dean).

death Use died, not any euphemisms such as "passed away.” Report cause of death. Identify the deceased by their city and state when possible. See obituaries.

The Den Student housing complex located at 1412 Grindstone Plaza Drive in southern Columbia, opened fall 2014. Developed and owned by Texas-based Asset Campus Housing.

Department of Residential Life ResLife (never Res Life) is acceptable in headlines and on second reference. Residential Life is also acceptable, and often preferable, on subsequent references. Frankie Minor is the current director.

departments Academic departments and athletics department are not capitalized: physics department. MSA and university administrative departments are capitalized: Department of Student Life, MSA Department of Student Services.

disability Do not identify a person as having a disability unless it is relevant. A person has a disability but is not “disabled.” Avoid using adjectives such as “disabled.” Never use “handicapped.” Use specific and straightforward language and terminology to avoid using potentially offensive general terms. Describe individuals who use wheelchairs as wheelchair users. Use deaf as lowercase. Avoid using phrases such as “suffers from” that suggest pity.

The District Only use in quotes. This name was given to Columbia’s downtown area as part of a PR campaign. Refer to the area as downtown. The campaign is composed of two organizations: the Columbia Special Business District and the Central Columbia Association. Not to be confused with the North Village Arts District, which is composed of businesses related to and supportive of the arts.

District Flats Luxury student housing complex built by Opus on South Eighth Street. Opened in fall 2015.

Division of Information Technology The Division of Information Technology is MU’s computing services body. Use full title on first reference. DoIT may be used in headlines and on second reference. When dealing with stories that discuss IT at any length, avoid jargon when possible. Do not use “UC” for a user consultant; refer to them only as consultants unless other types of consultants are mentioned in the story. See Webmail.

DJ Acceptable in all references instead of “disc jockey.”

The Domain Luxury student housing complex located on Stadium Boulevard near U.S. 63.

dorm, dormitory Do not use outside of quotes or columns. Use residence hall.


East Campus A term used to refer to the neighborhoods east of campus off College Avenue.

editor-in-chief When referring to The Maneater's executive editor, the title is hyphenated. The title is capitalized (save for "in") when used before the editor-in-chief's name: Editor-in-Chief Joel Gold. For other organizations, defer to their style.

ellipses Use an ellipsis (…) to indicate a portion of a quote has been omitted. Include a space before and after: “Victims don’t have to have perfect judgment … to come forward and hold someone accountable,” Sen. McCaskill said. Use only when necessary.

Ellis Fischel Cancer Center Center for cancer research and therapy located on the first two floors of the University Hospital patient care tower at 1 Hospital Drive. On second reference, use the center. If the story references Boone Hospital Center or other health care locations, use Ellis Fischel. Fischel and cancer center are acceptable in headlines. Relocated from its former building on Business Loop 70 (now Mizzou North) in 2013.

Ellis Library MU’s main library. Named after Elmer Ellis, MU's president from 1955-1963.

Engineers’ Week Note the possessive. E-Week is acceptable in headlines and on second reference. This week coincides with St. Patrick’s Day each year.

Environmental Leadership Office Separate from the Sustainability Office and located in the Student Center. Runs the Bike Share program, ELO Ambassadors and others. ELO is acceptable on second reference; the office is not.

em dash Use em dashes (—) to separate out clauses and phrases in sentences. Use them sparingly. Often, a comma or colon will work just as well. They are most accepted when the dependent clause it offsets uses commas. An em dash cannot be used to join two independent clauses. Em dashes are also used in bylines for briefs or letters, as well as in attributions for pull quotes. To create an em dash, hold down the shift and option keys, then press the dash key. Include a space before and after the dash. Note that an en dash (–), hyphen (-) and double hyphen (--) are not interchangeable.

email Not “e-mail.” See attribution.

Evans Scholars A golf fraternity located at 923 Tiger Ave. This fraternity includes male and female members and does not belong to the Interfraternity Council. The house maintains the painted rock at the corner of Tiger Avenue and Kentucky Boulevard.

event order Always time-date-place: The first Southeastern Conference football game against Georgia was held at 6:30 p.m. Saturday, Aug. 8, 2012, on Faurot Field.

exits When referring to an exit off an interstate, do not capitalize: The sign is located off Interstate 70 at exit 124.


Facebook Information gathered from Facebook is not considered a credible source. Neither screenshots nor photos pulled from the website are acceptable for publication. However, a Facebook page may be used as a CQ with the permission of an executive editor if the person is unable to be found elsewhere online.

Faculty Council On second reference, use the council. Faculty Council is the governing body of MU faculty. Members meet every other Thursday.

farmers market When referencing the one in Columbia, use Columbia Farmers Market. Note the absence of an apostrophe. The Boone County Farmers Market is also located in Columbia.

FarmHouse A fraternity located at 802 Richmond Ave. Does not take the article “the.” Note the absence of a space between "Farm" and "House."

fewer than Use fewer than with count nouns (having discrete units): There were fewer minutes on the clock than he thought. Use less than with mass nouns (lacking discrete units): There was less time than he thought.

Finger Lakes State Park Located north of Columbia off U.S. 63.

firefighter Always one word unless it’s written otherwise in a proper noun: Fire Fighters Local No. 8055. Never use “fireman” or “firewoman.”

first names On first reference for anyone 18 or older, use the first and last name. On second reference, use only the last name. Use first names on second reference for people 15 or younger except for serious cases i.e. major crimes. For 16 and 17 year olds, use last names unless the story is particularly lighthearted. When referring to more than one person with the same last name, use both first and last names.

Fling The last judged event of Greek Week. Each pairing writes and performs a skit that incorporates the event’s theme and a few components specific to each pairing, including the pairing’s philanthropy. The similar event held during Homecoming is not called Fling; it is the Homecoming Talent Competition. Always capitalized; never “the Fling.”

For All We Call Mizzou Always put this $1 billion fundraising drive in quotation marks. Launched by Chancellor Brady Deaton, it entered its public phase in 2003 with a gala on Francis Quadrangle. No previous fundraising drive, which includes donations to all academic departments and the athletics department, has matched or exceeded “For All We Call Mizzou.” Two of the three largest donations in MU’s history — $30 million to the School of Journalism and $10 million to the athletics department — were part of this drive. The drive reached its goal in 2008.

former Use in reference to people who no longer hold certain positions. Lowercase even before the rest of the title and a name: former President George Russell. See interim and titles for more information.

Four Front Council Advocacy group for underrepresented students. Part of the Multicultural Center. The group co-hosts an MSA presidential debate with The Maneater during the fall semester. Four Front is acceptable on second reference and in headlines.

fractions Use words when the number is less than one and numbers when it is more than one: two-thirds of the votes, 3 1/4 grams. Consult the AP Stylebook for when it is appropriate to use decimals instead of fractions.

Francis Quadrangle Grassy area north of Jesse Hall upon which the Columns stand. Officially the David. R. Francis Quadrangle, named after the Missouri governor who fought to keep MU in Columbia following the devastating Academic Hall fire, Francis Quadrangle is suitable on first reference. On second reference and in headlines, use the Quad. Francis’ bust looks across the Quad from its position near Jesse Hall and provides students with good luck on exams.

Fraternity Row Beta Sigma Psi, Kappa Alpha Order, Sigma Chi, Beta Theta Pi, Alpha Gamma Rho, and Sigma Nu form Fraternity Row, which runs down College Avenue. Never "Frat Row."

fraternities Do not put “fraternity” after the chapter’s name on first reference unless it is part of the title, as with National Pan-Hellenic Council fraternities. Do not abbreviate names of fraternities on second reference, but “Fraternity Inc.” may be omitted after NPHC chapter names on second reference. Refer to all Greek organizations as chapters, not houses. Do not confuse chapters with colonies and interest groups; for clarification, see colony and interest group. All fraternities are members of a council. These councils include the Interfraternity Council, the Multicultural Greek Council and the NPHC.

MU has 31 IFC fraternities: Acacia, Alpha Chi Rho, Alpha Epsilon Pi, Alpha Gamma Rho, Alpha Gamma Sigma, Alpha Kappa Lambda, Alpha Tau Omega, Beta Sigma Psi, Beta Theta Pi, Delta Chi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Delta Sigma Phi, Delta Tau Delta, Delta Upsilon, FarmHouse, Kappa Alpha Order, Kappa Sigma, Lambda Chi Alpha, Lambda Theta Phi, Phi Delta Theta, Phi Gamma Delta, Phi Kappa Theta, Pi Kappa Alpha, Pi Kappa Phi, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Sigma Chi, Sigma Nu, Sigma Phi Delta, Sigma Phi Epsilon, Sigma Pi, Sigma Tau Gamma, Tau Kappa Epsilon and Theta Chi.

MU has three NPHC fraternities: Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc.; Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity Inc.; and Omega Psi Phi Fraternity Inc. MU has one MGC fraternity: Lambda Theta Phi. The Evans Scholars fraternity is not affiliated with any council. Because these change frequently, please check with the Office of Greek Life for new listings each semester.

Frederick Douglass High School Columbia’s non-traditional high school. Located at 310 N. Providence Road. Mascot is the Bulldogs. Douglass High School is acceptable on first reference.

freshman Use when referring to the freshman class or in reference to a specific person. Use freshmen as a plural noun.

Freshman Interest Group Note the singular “freshman.” A Freshman Interest Group consists of first-year students who live in the same residence hall and take many of the same classes first semester. FIG or FIGs is acceptable on second reference. The group is led by a peer adviser, which can be shortened to PA on second reference. Never use the redundant terms “FIG group” or “freshman FIG.”


Gaines/Oldham Black Culture Center Officially called the Lloyd L. Gaines-Marian O’Fallon Oldham Black Culture Center. On second reference, use the center. BCC is undesirable except in quotes.

gay, lesbian, bisexual See LGBTQ community.

gender Does not equate to sex. Do not use the terms “men and women” and “males and females” interchangeably. Remember, sex is what’s in your pants (which is rarely relevant to the story) and gender is what pants you wear.

gender terms The general rule of thumb is to use specific terms and avoid the “-person” suffix when the gender of the person is binary: spokesman, spokeswoman; chairman, chairwoman. For gender nonbinary individuals, use the “-person” suffix: spokesperson. Exception: use chair instead of "chairperson." In some cases, however, gender-neutral terms are appropriate or accepted for all references: council member, firefighter, postal worker. When speaking in a general sense (without referring to a specific person), avoid common terms that end in “-man”: That duty belongs to salespeople (not “salesmen”); He is a salesman; She is a saleswoman. Exception: Layman’s terms is acceptable, but not appreciated because it is a cliche. Exception: Use either chairs or chairmen when a more relevant term is not available because “chairpeople” sounds too much like a low-budget horror film.

General Assembly See Missouri General Assembly.

General Classroom Building See Strickland Hall.

General Education Capitalize in all references to the specific program of General Education.

GPA GPA is acceptable on all references, as well as in headlines and leads.

Graduate Professional Council The student government association for graduate and professional students. GPC is acceptable on second reference and in headlines. GPC works closely with the Missouri Students Association and meets every other week. Its current president is Hallie Thompson.

Graduate School Use in all references to the Graduate School at MU. All students seeking master’s and doctoral degrees here are enrolled in the Graduate School; therefore, someone is a graduate student in journalism, not a “student in the Graduate School of Journalism.”

graphics Headlines should be in all caps. Composition titles, such as in MOVE graphics, should be in single quotes. The source tag should be written: Source: (Insert source here). Don't capitalize anything in a source that isn't a proper noun or a title. Sports graphics do not need sources. AP and Maneater style apply to all graphics, especially in time-date-place situations. The byline should be in the bottom-right corner of the graphics box: (NAME)/GRAPHIC DESIGNER.

graduate student Always use this term, never “grad student,” “med student,” “law student” or the like. Only specify the graduate program when it is relevant to the story.

Greek Always capitalize. Do not, however, refer to a Greek student as “a Greek.” Instead, use member of Greek Life or specify their affiliation.

Greek Judicial Board Always use on first reference. Greek board is acceptable in headlines; “J-board” is never acceptable. It is a board of 12 Greek students who hear cases involving violations made by entire Greek Life chapters against chapter laws and M-Book regulations. It consists of five justices from the Panhellenic Council, five from the Interfraternity Council and two from the National Pan-Hellenic Council.

Greek Life When referring to the office in the MU Student Center, use Office of Greek Life. Lowercase “life” when using in a general sense: The Rolling Stone article degraded Greek life.

Greektown One word and capitalized. Remember, not all Greek houses are located in Greektown.

Greek Week Held annually during the spring semester. A themed month-long series of events, service projects and competitions for fraternity and sorority pairings to raise money for charities in mid-Missouri. Each pairing has a specific beneficiary for which it volunteers, though money raised is divided evenly among all the beneficiaries. Besides working with assigned beneficiaries, events include a blood drive, can collection, intramural sports games and Fling. Winners are announced on the steps of Jesse Hall.

The Grove at Columbia Student housing complex located on Rock Quarry Road. The Grove is acceptable on second reference. Note the capital “T.”


halls Capitalize the names of halls and university structures when used with a formal title or name: Neff Hall. Do not capitalize informal names: beef cattle barn. Do not use first names or middle initials in these titles. Lowercase “hall” when referring to multiple buildings: North, Central and South halls. See residence hall.

Hank Foley Foley became MU’s interim chancellor in November 2015 after R. Bowen Loftin resigned. He was originally to begin the position Jan. 1, 2016, but the UM System Board of Curators voted to give him chancellor responsibilities on Nov. 11, 2015. Foley was previously the senior vice chancellor for research and graduate studies.

Hatch Hall graffiti incident Use to refer to the act of vandalism that occurred outside of Hatch Hall on Feb. 12, 2011, which led to the creation of the student-led One Mizzou diversity initiative. When describing the crime, use racist or racially-charged graffiti message. The graffiti itself is not racist.

Hearnes Center Hosts Missouri volleyball, gymnastics and wrestling, and formerly hosted basketball before the 2004 construction of Mizzou Arena. Not “Warren E. Hearnes Multipurpose Building” or any other derivation. Not “the Hearnes Center.”

heights Use figures and spell out words that indicate dimension, such as feet, yards and inches. Never use apostrophes for feet and inches (i.e. 5'7"). Hyphenate adjective forms before nouns: It was an 8-inch clock. The road was 12 1/2 feet wide. He is 6-foot-4. She is 5 feet 7 inches tall. See dimensions in the AP Stylebook for more information.

Hickman High School Officially "David H. Hickman High School." Located at 1104 N. Providence Road. Sports teams are the Kewpies.

highways Federal highways other than interstates should be referred to as U.S. 63, U.S. 54, etc. State highways are Missouri 163, Missouri 740, etc. Within Columbia city limits, use the city street designations for these highways. County-maintained roads usually have letter designations but should be referred to by their city street names when within Columbia: Route B is Paris Road.

his or her Use their when speaking in general and not referring to a specific person. “His or her” excludes some gender nonbinary individuals.

HIV/AIDS Use unless specifically referencing one of the components. Never use the term "full-blown AIDS." People don’t die of AIDS; they die of AIDS-related illnesses. Better yet, put the actual disease, and then if necessary, later write: Mr. Smith had AIDS.

HIV-positive, HIV-negative The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is the virus that causes AIDS. Although there is a test that measures the presence of HIV in a person’s blood, the terms HIV-positive and HIV-negative refer to the results of tests that measure antibodies in the blood. A person can be HIV-positive and not have AIDS. Avoid redundancy like “HIV virus.” No one dies from HIV. They die from AIDS-related illnesses.

Homecoming Use as one word and always capitalize when referring to MU Homecoming events, which are held each fall. However, use the lowercase form when referring to other schools’ homecomings and in reference to the general idea of homecoming: The first homecoming in the Midwest was held at MU.

honestly Use sparingly in columns. The word emphasizes the honesty of one statement at the expense of all other statements. Removal typically does not modify sentence meaning.

Honors College Use in all references to the MU Honors College, located on Lowry Hall. Use the college on second reference if it is the only university college referred to in the story.

Hy-Vee Three locations in Columbia: 3100 W. Broadway, 405 E. Nifong Blvd. and 25 Conley Road. This Iowa-based grocery chain opened its first Columbia store in 2001.

hyphens Use hyphens in compound modifiers, which occur when two or more words work together to modify a noun. Do not hyphenate “very” or adverbs ending with “-ly”: a well-known man, a very careless mistake. Refer to the AP Stylebook punctuation section for rules for specific words. Although absurd amounts of hyphens can be grammatically correct, do not over-hyphenate, except with lighthearted purposes in MOVE style. Hyphenated phrases like “Dr.-Jekyll-and-Mr.-Hyde quality” will be killed on sight. Rephrase to avoid over-hyphenating.

hyperlinks Use hyperlinks in online stories to provide background information and further reading, but format the story such that clicking on a link is not essential to understanding relevant details of a story. A reader might not click on the link or the Web page might become available, so don’t use a link as an excuse to exclude information from your story. Also, adding too many links can become distracting and unuseful. When available, always preference previous Maneater reports for background.

To format a hyperlink in an online story, use this format, omitting the spaces: text link Where including a Web page in print is necessary, write the simplest top level address possible, omitting “www” or any other subdomain unless absolutely necessary: Visit for more information. When referencing information found on a source’s website, always link to the public page where that information is available, not just the home page: … according to [ the MSA bylaws ] ( ). Watch for phrases like “according to its website” or “according to its Facebook page” that create a hyperlink expectation. Hyperlinks are a great story supplement, but reporters must still strive to obtain and confirm information with human sources.


Intercampus Faculty Council The Intercampus Faculty Council consists of representatives from the UM System’s four campuses’ faculty councils. Use the council on second reference, but do not use “IFC” because it might be confused with the Interfraternity Council.

interest group The term used to refer to a group of students interested in forming a colony of a fraternity or sorority at MU. A certain number of students must be interested before it can be considered a colony, and additional requirements must be met before the colony can be chartered as a chapter. For more information, see colony, fraternities and sororities.

Interfraternity Council The governing body of the MU fraternity system. IFC has an executive board as well as representation from each chapter. Interest groups and colonies do not get to vote in IFC matters. IFC or the council is acceptable on second reference. See fraternities.

interim Part of the title for people in temporary positions. Lowercase even before the rest of the title and a name: interim President Mel George. See former and titles.

Internet (noun); internet (adjective) See web and online.

Interstate 70 Always write out on first reference; on second reference, use I-70. This rule applies to all interstate highways but does not apply to I-70 Drive. Business Loop 70 should be spelled out.


J-School Use only in headlines. Always capitalize the “J.” In copy, use Missouri School of Journalism on first reference and the school or the journalism school on second reference.

J-Slums To endearingly refer to the apartment buildings at 400 and 402 S. Ninth St., the J-Slums is appropriate. Home to many generations of Maneaters and the occasional Hoochfest, the apartments are owned by Real Estate Management Inc. (REMI), but will be torn down following the 2014-15 school year to make way for a sister complex to the Lofts at 308 Ninth.

Jefferson City Missouri’s state capital 27 miles south of Columbia. Always refer to it as Jefferson City, never “Jeff City.” It has a pretty Capitol building and is home to the only ice rink in mid-Missouri.

Jesse Hall Where most MU administrative offices are located. Built in 1893 to replace the burned Academic Hall, Jesse Hall was so named in 1922 after retiring MU president Richard Henry Jesse. Reopened in May 2015 after a yearlong renovation as part of the Renew Mizzou project. The big dome turns green during Engineers’ Week and gold during Homecoming but is normally illuminated with whitish light. Watch for strange nighttime activity there the week before Tap Day. Also watch for scalers. Police love to arrest them.

Joel Gold Preferred name of The Maneater’s first editor-in-chief, who in February 1955 renamed the Missouri Student. “Joe,” as he was known in the 1950s, was the former editor of controversial campus humor magazine Show-Me and a sociology major.

Jr., Sr. Abbreviate only with full names: Joe Doaks Jr. Do not put a comma between a last name and the Jr. or Sr. designation. Write out as an adjective: the junior Doaks carried on his father's legacy.


Kappa Alpha Order Always use "Order." The fraternity is a member of IFC. Members exploded the fraternity's Civil War-era cannon in 2004, sending metal shards across College Avenue onto the roof of University Place Apartments.

Kansas City Stands alone unless the reference is to Kansas City, Kansas. This is an exception to AP style.

Katy Trail A biking/hiking trail that stretches from St. Charles to Clinton, formed from the old Kansas-Arkansas-Texas railroad trail. Do not confuse the Katy Trail with the MKT Trail, which extends from Providence Road to the Katy Trail in McBaine.

KBIA Columbia's National Public Radio member station. Owned by the UM System Board of Curators, run out of Jesse Hall. School of Journalism students produce most of the local news, though the station also airs several national shows and an abundance of classical music. Use KBIA on first reference. KBIA and the station are acceptable on subsequent references. Preface with radio station or NPR affiliate when necessary for clarity. See radio stations.

KCOU Student-run alternative radio station owned by the Missouri Students Association after years in the possession of the Residence Halls Association. Founded in 1963, the station has operated on FM since 1973. The station is located in the basement of the Student Center near MUTV and the LGBTQ Resource Center. Use KCOU on first reference. KCOU and the station are acceptable on subsequent references. Preface with radio station when necessary for clarity. See radio stations.

Kemper Fellowships These monetary awards are given by the chancellor to five outstanding MU professors each year. Kemper Fellowships or the Kemper awards are acceptable, but never “the Kemper Fellowship awards” or any other derivation.

KOMU The NBC affiliate owned by the UM System Board of Curators and operated by the School of Journalism. Located off U.S. 63 toward Jefferson City. Use KOMU on first reference. KOMU and the station are acceptable on subsequent references. Preface with television station or NBC affiliate when necessary for clarity. See television stations.

Kuhlman Court The grassy area north of the MU Student Center.


Lady (mascot) Never refer to a women’s team as the “Lady (mascot name),” even if the team itself uses the name. For Mizzou teams, simply use Tigers.

Lake of the Ozarks Located approximately 70 miles south of Columbia, it is a popular resort area often referred to as the lake, which is acceptable on second reference. To refer to the general area, the Ozarks is acceptable; however, note that this region is far bigger than the lake, covering pars of Arkansas as well.

Lake of the Woods Recreation Area On St. Charles Road, northeast of Columbia. It is a 148-acre park.

LBC List of Demands The official list of demands the Legion of Black Collegians has for MU. Some demands have been fulfilled, including granting an honorary undergraduate degree to Lloyd Gaines and naming a campus building (formerly the General Classroom Building) after Arvarh E. Strickland, an influential black academic leader. Other demands include creating a fully accredited black studies major and increasing minority enrollment.

leadership adviser Note the “-er” ending of “adviser.” Leadership advisers are upperclassmen working for the Department of Residential Life who live in the residence halls. They supervise hall government activities across campus. The abbreviation LA and the plural form, LAs, are acceptable on second reference and OK in headlines. Do not confuse with peer adviser or community adviser.

Leadership Auditorium Auditorium on the second floor of the MU Student Center. Formerly Chambers Auditorium.

Legion of Black Collegians The organization is the official black student government of MU and was founded by Alpha Phi Alpha in 1968. LBC is acceptable in headlines. On second reference use the legion.

legislature See Missouri General Assembly.

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Resource Center LGBTQ Resource Center is acceptable on first reference. Use the resource center or the center on subsequent references. Located in the lower level of the MU Student Center across from the Relationship and Sexual Violence Prevention Center, the center is home to many LGBT student organizations but is itself not an organization. Do not refer to the people who frequent the center as “LGBTQ members.” One can be a member of the LGBTQ community, which includes allies, but a person is not a member of a resource center or necessarily LGBTQ. See the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Terminology Supplement.

LGBTQ Use instead of “LGBT” due to the presence and prominence of the LGBTQ Resource Center on campus. The acronym is acceptable for first reference.

LGBTQ community When referring to members of the LGBTQ community, never use a term to identify them they would not themselves use. Ask which term a source prefers to use. It can vary by source. The term “queer," which has been reclaimed by the LGBTQ community, is acceptable as long as a source uses it. Never use “sexual preference,” which assumes sexuality is a choice. See sexual orientation, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Resource Center and the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Terminology Supplement at the back of this stylebook.

library See Columbia Public Library and Ellis Library.

Life Sciences Center Use on first reference for the large building at the northwest corner of College Avenue and Rollins Street. The center is acceptable on second reference as long as it is not confused with another center. LSC should be avoided at all costs. The center’s official name is the Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, named after former Sen. Kit Bond. Bond secured $30 million in federal funds for the center in 2000.

Lincoln University A state-supported historically black university in Jefferson City. See universities.

The Lofts at 308 Ninth Luxury student housing complex that opened on Ninth Street in fall 2013. Note the capital "T.” Owned by the same developer as The Lofts on Broadway. When referring to both complexes, use The Lofts of Columbia.

The Lofts on Broadway - Luxury housing complex located at the northeast corner of Tenth Street and Broadway. Note the capital “T.” Opened in fall 2015. Owned by the same developer as The Lofts at 308 Ninth. When referring to both complexes, use The Lofts of Columbia.

Lowry Hall Lowry Hall is the building that houses the Honors College and advising for the College of Arts and Science. Do not confuse with Lowry Mall. Lowry Hall is located on Lowry Mall.

Lowry Mall Lowry Mall is the pedestrian thoroughfare west of Memorial Union and north of Ellis Library once blighted by the Tiger Spot mosaic. Do not confuse with Lowry Hall.


M-Book Use for all references to this MU student policy handbook published by the Department of Student Life.

Macklanburg Playhouse Located on the Stephens College campus next to the Warehouse Theater, the playhouse has been used by the department of performing arts.

The Maneater The official, editorially independent student news source of MU since 1955, when sociology student Joel Gold took the Missouri Student from Delta Upsilon and renamed it to reflect a more aggressive news angle. Its official slogan, “You’ve been warned,” comes from the editorial policy penned by Gold in its first issue. All members of the editorial and business staffs are MU students, and its leaders are elected democratically, with the exception of a professional business adviser. The Maneater’s print edition is published weekly on Wednesdays during the spring and fall semesters, and online content is posted to its website almost daily. Note the uppercase “T,” which is to be used in all references to the publication, except when used as an adjective. In stories referencing current or recent members of its staff (including editors), use the distinction of The Maneater staff or formerly of The Maneater staff, but avoid these sources unless absolutely necessary.

Founded as the Missouri Student in 1933, The Maneater is affiliated with the Department of Student Life. The UM System Board of Curators, legal publisher of The Maneater, delegates oversight to the MU Student Publications Board. It was the publications board that asked Gold to run for editor after a string of editors from Delta Upsilon had turned the paper into a “Greek rag.” Technically speaking, “maneater” is a term for a tiger who has developed a taste for humans. It is also a derogatory term for Native Americans. More recently, the term has been used to refer to women who enjoy the sexual company of many male partners. Refer to the songs by Hall & Oates and Nelly Furtado for more information. Gold merely thought “maneater” sounded like an edgy name at the time.

The Mark on 5th Street Stylized by Campus Dining Services as "The MARK on 5th Street." Note the numeral. Use The Mark on second reference. Its evening a la carte companion is The Mark @Night.

Memorial Stadium The stadium surrounding Faurot Field.

Memorial Union Built in the 1920s, one of the two student unions at MU. When referring to a location, such as for an upcoming meeting, always use Memorial Union North or Memorial Union South. Stotler Lounge is located on the north side. Jesse Wrench Auditorium is in the south.

mental illness A person has a mental illness but should never be described as “mentally ill.” Avoid using adjectives, especially general ones. Use specific and straightforward language and terminology. Avoid using phrases such as “suffers from” that suggest pity. Most mental illnesses are not capitalized. Refer to the AP Stylebook for further details.

Middlebush Hall Middlebush Hall is located on the corner of Ninth Street and University Avenue. It was home to the College of Business until Fall Semester 2002. It now houses the graduate Truman School of Public Affairs and some parts of the sociology department and is used for general classrooms. Johnson Auditorium is acceptable in all references to the Walter Johnson Auditorium. Johnson Auditorium was called Middlebush Auditorium until 2005.

mid-Missouri Note the lowercase “m.” Capitalize only when part of a proper name.

the Midwest, Midwesterners, etc. Capitalize when referring to the region of the United States. Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota and Wisconsin are considered to make up the Midwest.

Mike Middleton Michael Middleton became the interim president of the UM System in November 2015 following Tim Wolfe's resignation. He has been a undergraduate student, law student, faculty member and deputy chancellor at MU. As a student, he helped establish the Legion of Black Collegians at MU. Use his full title on first reference: interim UM System President Mike Middleton.

Missouri cities The rule of thumb: Cities and towns around Columbia, cities and major college towns across the state, and major suburbs of St. Louis and Kansas City can typically stand alone. See list below. Further identification may still be necessary. Most other towns should be explicitly identified as Missouri locations.

Ashland, Boonville, Cape Girardeau, Chesterfield, Columbia, Ferguson, Florissant, Fulton, Independence, Jefferson City, Joplin, Kansas City, Kirksville, Kirkwood, Lee's Summit, Moberly, O'Fallon, Rocheport, Rolla, Sedalia, Springfield, St. Charles, St. Louis, Wentzville.

Missouri Department of Higher Education On second reference, use Department of Higher Education or the department. It oversees state institutions of higher education, which includes all state-supported colleges and universities. Its governing body is the Coordinating Board for Higher Education.

Missouri General Assembly The state legislature that houses a 34-member Senate and a 163-member House of Representatives. General Assembly is acceptable on second reference. The General Assembly meets at the Capitol in Jefferson City.

Missouri House of Representatives Boone County is represented by five districts: the 44th, 45th, 46th, 47th and 50th. Check the Blue Book or Missouri government website,, for an updated list of these representatives.

Missouri River On second reference, use the river. Always capitalize “river” when used with “Missouri,” unless referring to more than one river: The Missouri River is muddy. Both the Missouri and Colorado rivers are rising. Big Muddy is capitalized.

Missouri Senate There are 34 state senators. Boone County is part of the 19th District. The state senator from Boone County is Republican Kurt Schaefer. See the state Blue Book for the current senators or verify that information at

Missouri Southern State University Located in Joplin.

Missouri State Highway Patrol Not “Missouri Highway Patrol.” On second reference, use Highway Patrol. Use patrol officers, not “patrolmen.”

Missouri State University Located in Springfield, this four-year state university can be referred to as MSU on second reference. The university was formerly known as Southwest Missouri State University until a name-change bill passed in the 2005 session of the Missouri General Assembly.

Missouri Students Association Governing body for undergraduate students at MU. Note the plural “students.” MSA is acceptable on second reference and in headlines. The association is also acceptable. Consists of three branches: the Senate, which elects a speaker each February; a judicial branch, which includes the Student Court; and an executive branch, which includes the Department of Student Activities, the Department of Student Services, the Department of Student Communications and a president and vice president elected by students each November. Its offices are located in the Center for Student Involvement on the second floor of the MU Student Center. Capitalize committee names: Campus and Community Relations Committee.

Missouri Students Association Senate A branch of the MU student government. Use MSA Senate or the Senate on second reference. Its voting members are senators. Capitalize and abbreviate Sen. before a name only on first reference: Sen. Payton Head, freshman, … Refer to committee chairs in one of the following two ways: Operations Committee Chairman Nick Schwartz said … Sen. Ben Vega, the Academic Affairs chairman, said … Do not abbreviate the capitalized title "senate speaker" before a name. Senate meetings take place every other Wednesday.

Missouri Supreme Court The state’s highest court is located in Jefferson City. It is directed by a chief justice and six judges, not “justices.”

Missouri Theatre Full name is Missouri Theatre Center for the Arts, but Missouri Theatre is acceptable on first reference. MU purchased the building located at 203 S. Ninth St. from the Missouri Symphony Society in 2014. Built in the 1920s, the theater is on the National Register of Historic Places. Note the British spelling of "theatre."

Missouri University of Science and Technology Located in Rolla. It was known as UM-Rolla until January 2008, but despite the name change, it's still part of the UM System. Use Missouri S&T on second reference. Notable for its very high male-to-female ratio.

Missouri Western State University Located in St. Joseph. No longer “Missouri Western State College.”

Mizzou May be used in sports stories on second reference after Missouri. Never use in a news story or headline to refer to part of the institution, except in references to proper nouns. Mizzou, along with many other words, may be used in a quote. Another exception: If Mizzou is used in a column to express irony about one's patriotic loyalty to an infallible university, it is acceptable.

Mizzou '39 Note the apostrophe before “39,” which refers to 1839, the year MU was founded. The term used to refer to the 39 seniors given this award for their outstanding achievements at MU. Honorees nominate themselves and go through an interview process.

Mizzou Arena The home court of the men's and women's basketball teams, opened in 2004. The building was briefly named Paige Arena after Paige Laurie, the daughter of the building's primary donors, the Laurie family. After it was revealed Paige paid other students to do her work at the University of Southern California, MU officials removed Paige's name from the building.

Mizzou Dashboard A system that provides information on energy usage in real-time to residence halls. It is currently in service for College Avenue, Dogwood, Galena, Hatch, Hawthorn, Lathrop, Laws and Schurz halls, and MU plans to expand it to serve other residence halls and campus buildings in the future. Participating residence halls hold the Dashboard Energy Conservation Competition each spring.

Mizzou Energy Action Coalition Formerly Coal Free Mizzou, the student group's original purpose was to force action from MU and UM System officials to end university use of coal power. The organization changed its name in 2014 and has hosted rallies, protests and events. MEAC or the coalition is acceptable on second reference.

Mizzou Market Small convenience stores run by Campus Dining Services. There are three locations: Central, located in the main level of the Student Center; Hitt Street, located on the main level of Pershing Hall; Southwest, in Center Hall. The Hitt Street and Southwest locations sell Subway.

Mizzou North Formerly the Ellis Fischel Cancer Center, the building at 115 Business Loop 70 temporarily houses the Museum of Anthropology and the Museum of Art & Archaeology along with a number of other offices previously occupying Jesse, Swallow and Pickard halls. Beginning in fall 2013, renovations to these halls temporarily displaced the museums and offices under the Renew Mizzou project.

MizzouRec See Student Recreation Complex.

The Mizzou Store Formerly the University Bookstore, its name was changed in May 2013. However, the giant stone baring the craving of this name still remains on the front of the Student Center. PR folks said the old name was too generic and decided to drop book from the name because the store sells more than books. Tiger Tech is located in its lower level. A second store, also called The Mizzou Store, is located in Chesterfield.

Mizzou Telecom Acceptable in all references to MU Telecommunications, the office responsible for phone and cable service on campus.

Mizzou Weekly The newspaper published by the MU News Bureau.

MKT Trail The MKT Trail runs from Providence Road to McBaine, where it connects with the Katy Trail. On second reference, use the trail. “MKT” stands for “Missouri-Kansas-Texas.”

mobile home Use this term when referring to portable homes. Avoid using the term “trailer.”

months Abbreviate months when used with a specific date: Jan. 1, Feb. 2, Aug. 8, Sept. 9, Oct. 10, Nov. 11, Dec. 12. Five months are never abbreviated: March, April, May, June, July. Always use a comma after the year in a sentence. Never separate a month and a year with a comma. If there is a month-day-year construction, use a comma to separate the day and year. See dates.

more than Use more than instead of “over” in references to figures. Incorrect: He owed me over $45. Correct: He owed me more than $45.

Mort’s One of Campus Dining Service’s retail locations located in the MU Student Center. Do not confuse with The Shack, which is adjacent to Mort’s.

MO-X A popular shuttle service that runs from mid-Missouri to the St. Louis and Kansas City airports.

Mr., Mrs., Miss, Ms. Courtesy titles such as these are used only in second and subsequent references to the dead in obituaries. See courtesy titles and names.

MU No periods. Acceptable for all references to the University of Missouri (not the larger UM System). There is no need to identify students, professors, colleges, schools or departments as being from MU unless another university previously mentioned in the story creates confusion. Correct: junior Sally Smith, College of Business, School of Journalism, department of natural resources. Incorrect: MU junior Sally Smith, MU College of Business, MU School of Journalism, MU department of natural resources. Sports teams may be identified as Missouri or Mizzou, but not “MU.” Conversely, academic subsets of the university should be referred to as MU, but not “Missouri” or “Mizzou.” Subsequent references may also use the university, but not “the school,” as that applies to specific schools within the university: MU researchers discovered a new bug unique to the university’s campus.

MU Health Care Includes MU Children’s Hospital, Ellis Fischel Cancer Center, Missouri Orthopedic Institute, Missouri Psychiatric Center, Missouri Rehabilitation Center, University Clinics, University Hospital and MU Women’s and Children’s Hospital. University Physicians help teach the School of Health Professions, Sinclair School of Nursing and School of Medicine.

MU News Bureau MU's press buffer, it creates news releases and often acts as a liaison between newspapers and high-ranking officials, such as the chancellor. Reporters should quote or make reference to this organization sparingly as a source. The Maneater's reporters should always try to obtain direct quotes about an issue whenever possible. To refer to those who work for the MU News Bureau, use MU spokesman for men, MU spokeswoman for women, and MU spokesperson for gender nonbinary individuals.

MU Police Department Refer to the campus police as the MU Police Department on first reference. Second, subsequent and headline references should use MUPD. The department moved its headquarters to the Virginia Avenue Parking Garage in winter 2002. When referring to the police officers, use MU police or police. Note the lowercase “police.” Remember: MUPD is an organization, whereas the MU police are officers. MUPD is singular, and MU police are plural. MUPD is an accredited police department.

MU Student Center See Student Center.

MU Student Recreation Complex See Student Recreation Complex.

MU Women's and Children's Hospital Opened in September 2010, it is the only hospital in mid-Missouri that caters specifically to women and children. Part of MU Health Care.

Multicultural Center Located in the lower level of the Student Center next to The Maneater, the Multicultural Center houses many organizations but is not an organization itself. Do not refer to a source as “multicultural” unless they themselves use the term.

Multicultural Greek Council The governing body of MU's ethnically based or diversity-oriented sororities. Use the council on second reference. MGC is acceptable in headlines. Two sororities are MGC members: Alpha Phi Gamma Sorority Inc. (MU's Asian-American-interest sorority) and Sigma Alpha Epsilon Pi (MU's Jewish-interest sorority). Lambda Theta Phi Latin Fraternity Inc., MU's Latino-interest fraternity, is also a member. See fraternities and sororities.

Muslim Students Organization Use on first reference. MSO is acceptable on second reference and in headlines, but use the organization whenever possible.

MUTV Student-run television station owned by the Missouri Students Association. Broadcast for the first time in 1999. That station is located in the basement of the student center near KCOU and the LGBTQ Resource Center. Use MUTV on first reference. MUTV and the station are acceptable on subsequent references. Preface with television station when is necessary for clarity. See television station.

myZou The website on which students sign up for classes, pay bills, obtain academic transcripts and check Residential Life room assignments, among other activities. Students log in with their PawPrints. Note the lowercase “m” and the capital “Z.”


names Use last names to refer to adult individuals on second reference. Do not use courtesy titles except in obituaries for second reference to the deceased. When more than one source has the same last name in a single article, use first and last names to avoid confusion. People 15 and younger should be identified by only their first names on second reference. See first names.

National Pan-Hellenic Council NPHC is acceptable in headlines and on second reference. This association of nine historically black fraternities and sororities can also be referred to as the "Divine Nine." MU currently has six of the Divine Nine: Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority Inc., Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc., Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Inc., Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity Inc., Omega Psi Phi Fraternity Inc. and Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority Inc. “Fraternity Inc.” and “Sorority Inc.” can be omitted on second reference. See also fraternities and sororities.

non-commissioned officer A non-commissioned officer, abbreviated NCO (plural: NCOs) on second reference, is an upperclassman working for the Department of Residential Life with students in the ROTC program. Like a peer adviser, an NCO teaches a proseminar class. Do not confuse with peer adviser, community adviser or leadership adviser.

non-discrimination policy The UM System has a non-discrimination policy. Note the hyphen. Within that policy are clauses for gender, religion, veteran status, sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, etc. Never use the phrase “non-discrimination clause.” After an 82 percent approval through a student referendum, MSA added gender identity to its non-discrimination policy in 2009. See sexual orientation clause.

nonprofit Note the absence of a hyphen. Not interchangeable with not-for-profit, which can make a profit that goes back into the community rather than the group itself. Always check with the organization for its distinction.

Northwest Missouri State University Located in Maryville. Use NMSU on second reference.

numbers Write out numbers one through nine and use numerals for numbers 10 or more. Exception: Columbia’s Tenth Street. All street addresses are numerals, as are all dimensions when used with “inch,” “foot” or other measurements, ages and all percentages. Always write out a number if it is starting a sentence, but try to rework the sentence so that the number does not begin it. Use numerals if a year begins a sentence, but also try to reword the sentence in this case. Spell out casual numeric uses: I’ve heard that excuse a million times. Use No. 1 and No. 2 in all such references. See fractions.


obituaries Use the complete date, including the day of the week and the year, when referring to the date of death. If the dead person is younger than 70, the cause of death must be reported. If the person is older, list the cause if it was not natural. On second and subsequent references, use courtesy titles for the deceased: Mr., Mrs., Miss, Ms., Dr., Rev. Use died, not use euphemisms such as “passed away.” For survivors of an accident and the dead, include each person’s city and state when applicable. Accuracy is an important aspect of writing an obituary. It’s hard to do, but you must call a family member to verify information and personalize the article. There is no second chance. Try to humanize the story whenever possible with information about his or her work and hobbies. Talk to family members, friends and co-workers.

OK Generally unacceptable in news unless in a quote. Acceptable but not necessarily recommended in columns. Do not use “okay.”

Old 63 The name of the highway formerly called Business 63. Do not use the term “Old Highway 63.” Addresses should read 1012 Old 63 South, not “1012 S. Old 63.”

One Mizzou Typically refers to the student-led diversity initiative launched in April 2011 as a response to racially-charged vandalism on campus. (See Hatch Hall graffiti incident.) Frequently used as an ironic slogan. The “timeless bond of loyalty and kinship” ended in 2015. The initiative spawned the One Mizzou song.

online Never “on-line.” Use online in all references to communication on the Internet.


Panhellenic Association The governing body of MU’s sorority system. MU has 15 PHA chapters: Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Delta Pi, Alpha Phi, Chi Omega, Delta Delta Delta, Delta Gamma, Gamma Phi Beta, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Delta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Phi Mu, Pi Beta Phi, Sigma Kappa, Sigma Sigma Sigma and Zeta Tau Alpha. On second reference and in headlines, PHA is acceptable; never say “Panhel.” Use Panhellenic Association executive board when referencing the student board. See sororities.

Paquin Tower Not “Paquin Towers” because there’s only one. Located at 1201 Paquin St.

Parking and Transportation Review Panel Part of the Missouri Students Association’s judicial branch. In headlines, parking panel is acceptable. Use the full name on first reference and the panel thereafter. Never use the ridiculous “PTRP.”

PawPrint The six-character combination of letters and numbers students use to log onto Blackboard. PawPrints are also usually students’ Webmail usernames, followed by “” Note PawPrint is one word and has two capitalized letters.

peer adviser Note the “-er” ending in “adviser.” Peer advisers are upperclassmen working for the Department of Residential Life who live in residence halls with their Freshman Interest Group. They provide information about MU in general and teach FIG proseminar classes during the fall semester. The abbreviation is PA and the plural PAs. Don't abbreviate on first reference, but abbreviations are OK in headlines. Do not confuse with community adviser or leadership adviser.

per Spell out. Not interchangeable with “/“ or “a.” Correct: Pressey averages 12 points per game. Incorrect: Pressey averages 12 points a game.

Plaza Amphitheater Not “Plaza 900 Amphitheater.”

p.m. Always use lowercase form, and use a space to separate the numerals from p.m. Avoid redundancies such as “7 p.m. Sunday night.” Use noon instead of “12 p.m.”

police Use lowercase form when writing Columbia police, MU police, the police or police said. Police should be lowercase when used as an adjective on second reference: police Sgt. Chuck Willis said ... Police should be capitalized when it is part of the complete name: Columbia Police Department, MU Police Department. Lowercase “police” in Columbia police or MU police because both refer to officers. Do not confuse with the Boone County sheriff, the sheriff’s deputies or highway patrol officers. See Columbia Police Department and MU Police Department.

poor Avoid using as an adjective meaning lower quality. Doing so stigmatizes poverty.

profanity Inclusion of profanity, in quotes or elsewhere, needs approval from the managing editor or editor-in-chief. When removing letters from offensive language, keep only the first letter then follow it with as many dashes as there are letters left in the word: “f---,” “s---.”

professor Leave “professor” uncapitalized, even when it precedes a name: I like professor Ranly. Do capitalize "professor" when it is an endowed position: Jane Doe, chairwoman and Joel Gold Professor of Communications. Do not refer to a faculty member as a professor unless he or she has been awarded that academic rank. Be specific in referring to people as associate, assistant or adjunct professors; an assistant professor is typically untenured, an associate professor is typically tenured, and an adjunct professor is typically part-time and non-tenure-track.

provost The provost is MU’s chief academic officer and oversees the university’s schools and colleges, each of which is run by a dean.

Recent provosts: Brady Deaton (1998 - 2004); Lori Franz (interim: 2004 - 2005); Brian Foster (2005 - 2013); Kenneth Dean (interim: Jan. 2014 - Feb. 2015); Garnett Stokes (Feb. 2015 - present).

public affairs Use spokesman or spokeswoman whenever possible. There are countless variations of "public affairs" titles, and they usually mean simply that the person is authorized to speak for the source.


quotes Stories should have three quoted sources. Before any phrase goes into quotes, it must be checked for accuracy. It is the reporter’s duty to conduct accuracy checks with sources. Partial quotes should be avoided, unless a run-on quote becomes redundant or confusing. Always use the format: “Everyone gets a tiger,” Tim Noce said. “You get a tiger. And you get a tiger.”


R. Bowen Loftin Richard Bowen Loftin served as MU's 22nd chancellor from Feb. 1, 2014 to Nov. 11, 2015. Before succeeding Brady Deaton, Loftin was president at Texas A&M. Loftin announced his resignation amid race-based protests on campus in Nov. 9, 2015. He is noted for his affinity for bow ties and his active Twitter presence @bowtieger.

radio stations List only the call letters on first and subsequent references: KBIA, KCOU. Preface with radio station or national affiliate information when applicable and necessary for clarity’s sake: NPR affiliate KBIA, student radio station KCOU. Follow with a hyphen and either AM or FM if the station could be confused with a television station that uses the same call letters: KABC-AM. Link to the station’s website online. Do not include station frequency. See KBIA and KCOU for specific information about those two stations.

Relationship and Sexual Violence Prevention Center Located on the lower level of the Student Center near the LGBTQ Resource Center. Use RSVP or the RSVP Center on second reference and in headlines. Formerly called the Rape Education Office, RSVP is a comprehensive relationship and sexual violence education and resource service. After years as an auxiliary of MSA/GPC, the RSVP Center became part of the Department of Student Life in 2014.

representative The representative's political affiliation and home district should be set off by commas. The political and home designations can be used on second reference for less clunkiness: State Rep. Scott Cook, R-Columbia, is … The manager contacted State Rep. Michelle Jones, D-Mexico. Always specify State Rep. Use U.S. before Congressional representatives when necessary to avoid confusion. State abbreviations are still to be used for U.S. representatives: U.S. Rep. Vicky Hartzler, R-Mo.

Research Reactor Located in Research Park on South Providence Road. MU Research Reactor is preferred on first reference to the University of Missouri Research Reactor. MURR should be avoided, even in headlines, but Research Reactor and the nuclear reactor are acceptable on second reference.

The Reserve Student housing complex located on Old 63 including buildings leased by the Department of Residential Life to accommodate overflow from residence halls. These buildings are called Tiger Reserve.

residence hall Use when referring to halls generally. When referring to an individual hall, refer to it as (Name) Hall. Never use "dorm" or “dormitory." MU residence halls: Center, College Avenue, Defoe-Graham, Discovery, Dogwood, Excellence, Galena, Gateway, Gillett, Hatch, Hawthorn, Hudson, Johnston, Jones, Lathrop, Laws, Mark Twain, McDavid, North, Respect, Responsibility, Schurz, South, and Wolpers. Tiger Reserve and the TRUE Scholars House also house students under the Department of Residential Life but are not distinguished as “halls.” As of fall 2015, Johnston Hall is the only single-sex residence hall; all others are coed. Jones Hall was demolished in spring 2015 as part of the Dobbs Replacement Project, which calls for two new residence halls in the southwest campus area.

Residence Halls Association Governing body for students in residence halls at MU. RHA is acceptable on second reference and in headlines. RHA is the second-largest student organization on campus, behind MSA.

Reynolds Alumni Center There are two alumni centers in Columbia. The one across from Jesse Hall is properly called the Donald W. Reynolds Visitor and Alumni Center, but use Reynolds Alumni Center on first reference. The alumni center is suitable on second reference. It is named after Donald W. Reynolds, a graduate of the School of Journalism and founder of Donrey Media Group. The other center, located on Carrie Francke Drive off Stadium Boulevard, is the Old Alumni Center.

Reynolds Journalism Institute In the largest private donation in MU’s history, the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation awarded $31 million to the School of Journalism for the creation of the Donald W. Reynolds Journalism Institute. Use Reynolds Journalism Institute. RJI is acceptable in headlines and on second reference.

Rock Bridge High School “Rock Bridge” is two words. Located at 4303 S. Providence Road. Sports teams are the Bruins.

Rock Bridge Memorial State Park Located at 5901 S. Highway 163. Note the "Memorial." The park’s features include the Gans Creek Wild Area, the Devil’s Icebox and Connor’s Cave.

rock M Freshmen whitewash the stones on the grassy slope above the north end zone of Faurot Field every fall. Senior football players take a souvenir rock from the pile after playing in their last home football game. Built by students from leftover rocks of Memorial Stadium’s construction in 1927, students worked with the groundskeeper in 1957 to restore the iconic landmark from the tampering of jealous Cornhusker fans in the night before a home football game.

Rockin' Against Multiple Sclerosis The largest campus-wide philanthropy, it assists multiple sclerosis patients in mid-Missouri year-round and promotes awareness about multiple sclerosis to students. Use RAMS on second reference. RAMS hosts Rock-It, a talent and lip-synching competition, each February to raise money for the philanthropy’s efforts. Participants are primarily Greek Life chapters.


Savitar MU’s yearbook, which folded in 1992 because of debt and was resurrected the same year as a magazine published three times annually. Savitar then returned to book form. In fall 2004, the Savitar changed to a soft-cover edition geared toward seniors. In 2006, its funding was cut, leaving it to be posted online only. It is no longer updated.

schools MU schools: School of Accountancy, School of Health Professions, School of Information Science and Learning Technologies, School of Journalism, School of Law, School of Medicine, School of Music, School of Natural Resources, School of Social Work, Sinclair School of Nursing, Truman School of Public Affairs. See colleges.

seasons Lowercase spring, summer, fall, winter and other derivations: fall 2015 semester.

semesters Names of specific semesters are not capitalized: fall 2015 semester. At MU, we have fall and spring semesters, a summer session and an intersession (winter break).

Senate (U.S.) Missouri is represented by Republican Sen. Roy Blunt (in office since 2011) and Democratic Sen. Claire McCaskill (in office since 2007). When referring to two senators, use Sens. with political party and state offset by commas: Sens. Claire McCaskill, D-Mo., and Roy Blunt, R-Mo., disagreed on the issue. Verify U.S. Senate members with the state Blue Book or at

sexual orientation Mention a source's sexual orientation only when it is relevant to the story. Use terms the source themselves would use. Never use "sexual preference," which assumes sexuality is a choice. See LGBTQ community and the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Terminology Supplement.

sexual-orientation clause The sexual-orientation clause is just that — a clause. It can be included in a statement or policy. Following the UM System Board of Curators’ previous decision not to include the clause in the system’s non-discrimination policy, 1998-99 MSA President Todd Kennedy asked each school, college and department at MU to pass its own statement of non-discrimination that included sexual orientation. The UM System Board of Curators included sexual orientation in the system’s non-discrimination policy in October 2003.

The Shack Originally an aptly named establishment near the center of campus, portions of The Shack remain in the MU Student Center. Not to be confused with Mort’s, The Shack now refers to the large windowed room that plays sports on two large projectors throughout the day and its adjacent booths. Medium-sized events are often hosted at The Shack.

Sigma Chi Became an official MU fraternity again in August 2007. The fraternity was put on probation in 2002 after it was discovered the fraternity was hazing new members.

The 63 Diner Note the absence of an apostrophe before “63.” Use numerals for this elusive diner north of Columbia. Located at 5801 N. Highway 763.

sororities Refer to all Greek organizations as chapters, not “houses.” MU has 16 Panhellenic Association sororities: Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Delta Pi, Alpha Phi, Chi Omega, Delta Delta Delta, Delta Gamma, Gamma Phi Beta, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Delta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Pi Beta Phi, Phi Mu, Sigma Alpha Epsilon Pi, Sigma Kappa, Sigma Sigma Sigma and Zeta Tau Alpha. MU has three National Pan-Hellenic Council sororities: Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority Inc., Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Inc. and Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority Inc. “Sorority Inc.” may be omitted on second reference of NPHC sororities. MU has two Multicultural Greek Council sororities: Alpha Phi Gamma (an Asian-American-interest sorority) and Sigma Alpha Epsilon Pi (a Jewish-interest sorority). Multicultural sorority Delta Xi Nu is not a member of any council. Because these change frequently, please check with Greek Life for new listings each semester. See also fraternities.

Southeast Missouri State University Located in Cape Girardeau, this four-year state university can be referred to as SEMO on second reference.

Speakers Circle Not “Speaker's Circle.” The speakers use the circle; they do not own it.

spokesperson Use only in reference to gender nonbinary individuals. Otherwise, use spokesman or spokeswoman in reference to all other public relations officials. Capitalize none of these terms before a name.

Springfield Third-largest city in Missouri. Springfield is located in Greene County in the southwestern part of the state. Always refer to it as Springfield, Missouri, on first reference and in datelines because of the abundance of U.S. cities named “Springfield.”

Sr., Jr. Abbreviate only with full names: Joe Doaks Jr. Do not put a comma between a last name and the Jr. or Sr. designation.

State Historical Society of Missouri Located on the lower floor of Ellis Library. State Historical Society may be used when it will not be confused with the Missouri Historical Society in St. Louis.

Stephens College A private school governed by the Stephens College board of trustees. Formerly an all-female college, Stephens now enrolls a handful of male students.

Stephens Lake The lake inside Stephens Lake Park. It is 11 acres and has an unguarded swimming beach.

Stephens Lake Park Located at 2001 E. Broadway. The park is 116 acres and has trails, playgrounds, an amphitheater and a swimming beach, among other features.

Steve Owens UM System general counsel. Owens has served as the interim UM System president (January - December 2011), and interim MU chancellor (November 2013 - February 2014).

streets Capitalize when referring to one street. When referring to two streets, use the lowercase form: located at Eighth and Cherry streets. Write out Tenth Street. This is an exception to AP style. Broadway does not take a street ending. Abbreviate only when used in addresses.

Strickland Hall Officially titled "Arvarh E. Strickland Hall" after the late professor who founded the Black Studies program at MU. Formerly the General Classroom Building. Renamed in October 2007, this met one item on the Legion of Black Collegians List of Demands, which asked former Chancellor Brady Deaton to name a building on campus after a prominent black figure. Strickland Hall is acceptable on first reference.

STRIPES Use on all references for Supportive Tigers Riding in Pursuit of Ensuring Safety. Run by the MSA Department of Student Services, this program provides free rides home to students from 10 p.m. to 3 a.m., Thursday through Saturday. It formerly was sponsored in part by The Maneater. The phone number is 442-9672, or 44-BY-MSA.

Student Affairs Capitalize when referring to the Department of Student Affairs.

Student Center Replaced Brady Commons in fall 2010 as the campus student center. Identify as "the MU Student Center" on first reference only if the story references another university’s student center.

Student Organization Allocation Committee SOAC is acceptable in headlines. The committee is preferable on second reference.

Student Recreation Complex Identify as “MU Student Recreation Complex” only if the story references another university’s recreation complex. MizzouRec is acceptable on second reference and in headlines. It may also be referred to as the recreation complex on second reference, so long as it will not be confused with the city’s Activity and Recreation Center. Use “rec center” or “the rec” only in quotations.

Student Success Center Always use the full name, even in headlines and leads. On second reference, it is the center or the success center, never “the SSC.” It opened in June 2001 and houses the Learning Center, the Career Center, Academic Retention Services and several academic advisers.

suicide Never say “committed suicide.” Use killed herself, took his own life or died by suicide instead. More details than that about the cause of death are unnecessary. See death.

Sustainability Office Separate from the Environmental Leadership Office and located in the Virginia Ave. garage.

Sustain Mizzou Student organization that is separate from, but often collaborates with, the Sustainability Office and Environmental Leadership Office. Founded in 2004 out of dissatisfaction with existing student environmental groups.

SustainaRep A student employee of the Sustainability Office who works directly with students to improve communication and environmental efforts toward sustainability within various campus groups.

%: Always write out. Always use numerals with the word “percent”: She said 7 percent of the students were ill. &: Always write out “and” unless the ampersand is an actual part of a company’s formal name. Exception: R&B music.
$: Always use the symbol rather than the word with any actual figure; put the symbol before the figure. Write out “dollar” when appropriate: The internship paid $42 million per month, but she only had a dollar bill in her pocket.


Tap Day An annual event in which selective honors organizations on campus initiate new members. They parade in front of the Columns and officially “tap” the new members. The six societies are LSV, Mortar Board, Mystical Seven, Omicron Delta Kappa, QEBH and the Rollins Society.

teaching assistant Use TA on second reference only. Plural is TAs.

telephone numbers Do not use parentheses. Use the following form: 573-123-4567.

television stations List only the call letters on first and subsequent references: KMIZ, KMOS. Preface with national affiliate information or television station when applicable and necessary for clarity’s sake: NBC affiliate KOMU, Christian television station KNLJ. Follow with a hyphen and TV if the station could be confused with a radio station that uses the same call letters: KABC-TV. Link to the station’s website online. Do not include channel number, as this infrequently matches with cable lineups. See KOMU and MUTV for specific information about those two stations. Area stations: KMIZ (ABC affiliate, based in Columbia); KMOS (PBS, Sedalia); KNLJ (Christian Television Network, Jefferson City); KOMU (NBC, Columbia); KQFX (Fox, Columbia); KRCG (CBS, Jefferson City); MUTV (student media, Columbia).

Tenth Street When referring to this street in Columbia, spell out the name of the street. This is an exception to AP style because Columbia has only 10 numbered streets. Tenth Street would be the odd man out if it were a numeral.

theatre department Note the lowercase name of MU’s theatre department and the British spelling of theatre. It is capitalized when referred to as the MU Department of Theatre.

Tiger Spot Mosaic of a tiger head that used to be just north of Ellis Library on Lowry Mall. It was designed by local artist Paul Jackson and has been “unveiled” several times since summer 2001. Weather and foot traffic damaged the mosaic, and legal battles between the artist and UM Curators somehow ensued. Chancellor Brady Deaton ordered the spot to be removed from Lowry Mall in July 2006. It was covered with a tarp until it was removed in summer 2012.

Tigers Capitalize when referring to a Missouri sports team. Do not refer to MU students as “tigers.”

Tigers Advancing Political Participation Changed from "Tigers Against Partisan Politics" in April 2014. TAPP is acceptable on second reference and in headlines. Founded in 2012 as a nonpartisan political advocacy group, the student organization merged with ASUM in 2014 to become that group's educational arm.

Tigers Credit Union Note “Tigers” is plural. Formerly called the Missouri Student Federal Credit Union. Employed by MU students, it provides banking and financial services for MU, Stephens College and Columbia College students. Its main office is located on the first floor of Memorial Union North, and ATMs are located in Memorial Union and the MU Student Center.

TigerWiFi MU’s wireless internet network. Replaced MizzouWireless in 2015. The differences between the two networks are unclear. Note the capitalization of the "W" and "F."

Tim Wolfe Full name Timothy M. Wolfe, Tim Wolfe is preferred for the former UM System president. Wolfe became the system’s 23rd president in December 2011. The Columbia native and former IBM executive resigned amid race-based protests in November 2015.

time When times are both in the same half of the day, use “a.m.” or “p.m.” only once: The event was from 2-4 p.m. but was planned from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. the previous day. Always put a time before a date: Meet me at 3 p.m. Thursday at The Heidelberg.

titles Capitalize official titles before a person’s name. If the title has five or fewer words, place it before the name and capitalize all relevant parts: ”I love Mizzou," MSA President Joseph Silver said. "I hate Mizzou," said Alicia Johnson, vice president of the Missouri Students Association. Do not capitalize titles (besides proper nouns) that follow a person’s name. Freshman, sophomore, junior, senior, professor, interim and former should never be capitalized, even before the rest of a title and name: senior Payton Head, English professor Joel Gold, interim Chancellor Steve Owens, former President Harry Truman. President and Vice President are always capitalized when used before a name. See attribution, former, gender terms and interim.

Todd Apartments Luxury student apartments at the southwest corner of Fifth Street and Conley Avenue. Opened in fall 2015.

Traditions Plaza An amphitheater and outdoor events venue on the north side of Carnahan Quad between the Reynolds Alumni Center and Hulston Hall. Constructed in 2014 as a celebration of MU’s traditions by the Mizzou Alumni Association. Not to be confused with Tiger Plaza, the area between the Tiger statue and Rollins Street.

Truman State University Formerly Northeast Missouri State University, it is a four-year state university located in Kirksville.


UM Use only as an adjective. See University of Missouri System.

UMC Do not use. See MU.

UM System Board of Curators Governing body of the UM System. Capitalize when it stands alone. Always use the full name on first reference, though UM Curators and Board of Curators are acceptable in headlines and on second reference. On second reference, the board or the curators are also acceptable. Before a name, capitalize "curator" but not "board member." Remember, the Board of Curators and the board are singular, but the curators is plural. The student representative to the Board of Curators is just that: a representative. They do not vote and are not a curator. Student curator is acceptable in headlines and leads, but the full title should appear somewhere in the article. Selection of the student representative rotates between each of the four campuses.

universities When referring to those other than MU, always spell out the name of the university on first reference and then use abbreviations or official nicknames on subsequent references: The University of Texas library system is funded … UT has a collection of over …

university Do not capitalize when used alone. Not interchangeable with “school,” which is a specific academic subset of a university. Always use MU on first reference to the University of Missouri: MU is the largest university in Missouri. The university has more than 25,000 undergraduates.

University of Central Missouri Located in Warrensburg. Formerly, Central Missouri State University. UCM is acceptable on second reference.

University Hall Located off Carrie Francke Drive in Columbia, this building houses most UM System administrative offices. The curators often meet here.

University Hospital Part of MU Health Care. Use University Hospital when referring to the hospital on the south side of MU’s campus. Do not use “the.” Michael’s head was fixed by doctors at University Hospital.

University of Missouri Press UM Press or the press on second reference. Established by the UM System in 1958, the UM Press has published more than 2,000 books in the last 54 years. UM System President Tim Wolfe announced in May 2012 that the press would shut down in fiscal year 2013 because of its growing deficit. Following public backlash, MU officials announced plans in July for a new, “re-imagined” version of the press, centered on online publishing. The new model would be run through the College of Arts and Science. In August, the UM System announced that the original press model would remain intact and transferred responsibility of the press to MU. The system formed a UM Press Advisory Committee, which includes faculty members from all four UM System campuses.

University of Missouri System Use UM System on all references. Never use "UM” on its own as a noun. The system consists of four campuses: Columbia (MU), St. Louis (UMSL), Rolla (Missouri S&T) and Kansas City (UMKC). On second reference, university system and four-campus system are acceptable, but do not use “university-wide system.” The president of the UM System is the chief administrative officer of the four-campus system. Each of the four campuses is directed by a chancellor.

Always shorten MU to its acronym form; for the other campuses, use the form UM-St. Louis (using a hyphen, not an em dash) on first reference, and use the acronym UMSL on second reference. For the Rolla campus, use Missouri University of Science and Technology on first reference and Missouri S&T thereafter.

Recent UM System presidents: Manuel Pacheco (August 1997 - December 2002); Elson Floyd (November 2002 - April 2007); Gary Forsee (February 2008 - January 2011); Steve Owens (interim: January 2011 - December 2011); Tim Wolfe (December 2011 - November 2015), Mike Middleton (interim: November 2015 - present).

University Place Apartment building located at 1205 University Ave. Not to be confused with University Hall. Formerly owned by the Department of Residential Life, it is now an independent apartment complex.

University YMCA The University YMCA and YWCA are combined and referred to in this manner.


VERIP The full name, to be used on first reference, is the Voluntary Early Retirement Incentive Program. Never use VERIP, except in headlines. Instead, use the program or the retirement program.

vice chancellor Capitalize before a name. Note vice chancellor is not hyphenated. At MU, the vice chancellors are “for” a department: Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs Cathy Scroggs.

Virginia Avenue Parking Structure Not the "Virginia Avenue Garage" (or “VAG," as it is unfortunately commonly known), although it is acceptable to refer to the Virginia Ave. garage (note the abbreviation and lowercase "g").


Wal-Mart/Walmart Only hyphenate when referring to the corporation (Wal-Mart Stores Inc.). Individual stores are written as Walmart or Walmart Supercenter. A Walmart Express (mini-Walmart) is located beneath The Lofts at 308 Ninth. Including the mini-store, there are four Walmarts in Columbia.

wards Capitalize and spell out the number when referring to the Columbia City Council: First Ward, Fifth Ward. This is an exception to AP style. There are six wards in Columbia, with one representative from each.

Webmail Use when referring to the student email service. Note the capitalization.

websites Never “web site." Never use “.com”, even if referring to an online source, unless it is part of a website’s brand name. See hyperlinks.

West Boulevard Do not abbreviate the “West” in “West Boulevard,” or "West Blvd." where appropriate, as it is part of the street name and not a directional designation.

Westminster College Previously an all-men’s school, this four-year college located in Fulton has admitted women since 1979. It is also the site of the Churchill Memorial and the Berlin Wall Monument.

William Woods University Previously an all-women’s four-year private university in Fulton, it now enrolls men, too.

women's and gender studies department Note the lowercase letters, like all other university departments. Not “woman’s studies,” which would imply studies for women, rather than the study of women, their lives and their experiences. An academic department in the College of Arts and Science.

womyn An alternate spelling of “woman” preferred by some feminists. Used by some to demonstrate that a woman’s identity should not be defined in terms of men. Other alternate spellings include “womon” as the singular and “wimmin” as the plural.

Wrench Auditorium Auditorium located in Memorial Union South. Full name is Jesse Wrench Auditorium, but in general, use Wrench Auditorium to avoid confusion with Jesse Auditorium in Jesse Hall.


y’all Not "ya’ll."

Yik Yak Anonymous location-based social media app (and agent of chaos). Two people were arrested in November 2015 in connection to race-based threats posted on the network.